# What is a Basis Point?

Basis point is a financial term that can often be confusing to those not involved in the financial sector. But, it’s an important concept for all individuals, especially investors and traders. In this article, we will take a look at what basis point is and how it is used in the world of finance. We will also discuss how it applies to investments and trading strategies, so you can understand why it’s important for investors to be aware of the concept.

## What is a basis point?

A basis point is a unit of measurement used in finance to describe the change in value between two securities. It is also used to describe the percentage change in interest rates or other financial indicators. A basis point is equal to 1/100th of 1%, or 0.01%.

## How do basis points work?

Basis points are a unit of measurement used in finance to describe the percentage change in the value or rate of a financial instrument. One basis point is equal to 0.01% (one one-hundredth of a percent) or 0.0001 (one one-thousandth) and is used to denote changes in interest rates, bond yields and other financial indicators.

For example, if the yield on a 10-year Treasury note rises from 2% to 2.02%, that is a two basis point increase. Similarly, if the interest rate on a 30-year fixed mortgage goes from 4.5% to 4.52%, that is also a two basis point increase.

While two basis points may not seem like much, when applied to large sums of money, even small changes can have a significant impact. For example, a one basis point increase in the yield on a $1 million 10-year Treasury note would result in an additional $2,000 in interest over the life of the loan. And for a borrower taking out a $500,000 30-year mortgage at 4.5%, a one basis point increase would add about $17 to their monthly payment.

## What is the difference between a percentage point and a basis point?

When discussing financial or economic data, you may hear the terms “percentage point” and “basis point” used interchangeably. However, there is a big difference between the two terms. A percentage point is calculated as 1/100th of a percent, while a basis point is equal to 1/10,000th of a percent.

In other words, one percentage point is 10 times larger than one basis point. For example, if the interest rate on your loan increases by one percentage point (from 5% to 6%), that’s the same as saying it increased by 100 basis points (from 500 to 600).

You might also hear people refer to changes in rates as “x bps,” where “x” represents the number of basis points. So, if someone says the rate increased by 25 bps, they’re saying it rose by 25/10,000ths of a percent (or 0.0025%).

## How are basis points used in financial markets?

Basis points are most commonly used in reference to changes in interest rates, and they are used to measure the percentage change in the interest rate. For example, if the interest rate on a loan increases from 5% to 6%, that is a 1% increase, or 100 basis points. Basis points can also be used for other types of financial instruments, such as bonds and mortgage-backed securities.

## Conclusion

The concept of basis points is an important tool for investors, lenders, and other financial professionals. Understanding basis points can be a challenging task but having a firm grasp on this concept can help you make more informed decisions when it comes to investing or other aspects of finance. By understanding how to use basis points in the context of trading and investments, you’ll have greater control over your finances and be better prepared to tackle any situation that might arise.