# Getting the Ratio Right: Understanding Current Vs Quick Ratio in Procurement

As a procurement professional, it’s crucial to keep track of your organization’s financial health. One way to do this is by understanding the current and quick ratios. These two ratios can provide valuable insights into your company’s ability to meet its short-term obligations and manage its cash flow effectively. In this blog post, we’ll dive deep into what these ratios mean, how they’re calculated, and what you should aim for in terms of a good ratio score. So buckle up and get ready to improve your procurement game with some financial know-how!

## What is the current ratio?

The current ratio is a financial metric that measures your company’s ability to pay its short-term debts using its current assets. It’s calculated by dividing your current assets by your current liabilities.

Current assets are the resources that can be converted into cash within one year, such as inventory, accounts receivable, and short-term investments. Current liabilities refer to any obligations due within the same period.

A high current ratio is typically seen as an indicator of good financial health because it means that you have more than enough liquid assets to cover your near-term debts. However, having too high of a ratio may indicate inefficient use of capital or excess inventory.

On the other hand, a low current ratio could mean that you’re struggling with cash flow or facing difficulties in meeting immediate obligations. In general, it’s essential to strike a balance between liquidity and efficiency when interpreting this metric for procurement purposes.

## What is the quick ratio?

The quick ratio is another liquidity ratio used in financial analysis, along with the current ratio. It’s also known as the acid-test ratio and gives a more conservative picture of a company’s ability to meet its short-term obligations compared to the current ratio.

Unlike the current ratio, which includes inventory and other assets that may not be easily converted into cash in a short time frame, the quick ratio only considers highly liquid assets such as cash, marketable securities and accounts receivable.

To calculate it, you simply subtract inventories from current assets and then divide by current liabilities. The resulting number tells you how many times over your immediate debts can be covered by your most liquid assets.

A good quick ratio varies by industry but generally speaking anything above 1 is considered acceptable. High ratios are an indication of strong financial health because it means there are enough liquid resources available to pay off any unexpected expenses or emergencies that could arise.

## How do you calculate the current and quick ratios?

When it comes to calculating the current and quick ratios, there are a few key formulas to keep in mind.

Firstly, let’s take a look at the current ratio. This ratio is calculated by dividing your current assets by your current liabilities. Current assets refer to any asset that can be converted into cash within one year while current liabilities refer to any debt or obligation that must be paid off within one year.

For example, if you have \$50,000 in current assets and \$20,000 in current liabilities, your current ratio would be 2.5:1 (\$50,000 ÷ \$20,000). This means that for every dollar of liability owed in the short term (within one year), you have \$2.50 available in short-term assets.

Now let’s move on to the quick ratio which is also known as the acid-test ratio. This calculation removes inventory from the equation as it may not necessarily be easily convertible into cash if needed quickly. The formula for this calculation is (Current Assets – Inventory) / Current Liabilities.

Using our previous example of having \$50,000 in total current assets and assuming \$10,000 worth of inventory on hand along with \$20,000 worth of short-term debt obligations; we get a quick/acid test ratio result of 1:1 ((\$50k – \$10k)/\$20k).

## What is a good current ratio?

When it comes to evaluating the financial health of a company, one important metric is the current ratio. This ratio measures a company’s ability to pay off its short-term debts with its current assets. So, what is considered a good current ratio?

A healthy current ratio typically falls between 1.5 and 3, indicating that the company has enough assets to cover its liabilities in the near future. However, this can vary depending on industry standards and individual circumstances.

If a company’s current ratio is too low (below 1), it may struggle to pay off its debts as they come due and could be at risk of defaulting. Conversely, if a company’s current ratio is too high (above 3), it may indicate that they are not utilizing their assets efficiently or investing excess cash wisely.

Ultimately, while there is no one-size-fits-all answer for what constitutes a “good” current ratio, companies should aim for an appropriate range based on their specific needs and goals.

## What is a good quick ratio?

The quick ratio, also known as the acid-test ratio, is a measure of liquidity that indicates a company’s ability to meet short-term obligations with its most liquid assets. A good quick ratio shows that a company has enough cash or near-cash assets on hand to cover its current liabilities.

A good quick ratio varies depending on the industry and the nature of the business. Generally speaking, a healthy quick ratio falls between 1:1 and 2:1. This means that for every dollar in current liabilities, there should be at least one dollar in highly liquid assets available to cover them.

If a company’s quick ratio is too low, it may struggle to pay off its debts as they come due. On the other hand, if it is too high, it may indicate that management is hoarding cash instead of investing in growth opportunities.

It’s important to note that while having a good quick ratio is important for financial stability, it shouldn’t be viewed in isolation. Other factors such as profitability and long-term solvency should also be considered when evaluating overall financial health.

## How can procurement improve its current and quick ratios?

Procurement teams can take several steps to improve their current and quick ratios. One way is to focus on managing inventory levels effectively. Procurement professionals should monitor stock levels closely, ensuring that they are not holding onto excess inventory that could be tying up cash flow.

Another strategy for improving ratios is to negotiate better payment terms with suppliers. This may involve extending payment terms or asking for discounts in exchange for early payments. Procurement teams should also work closely with accounts payable departments to ensure timely payments are made.

Additionally, procurement teams can look at ways of reducing costs across the supply chain. This may involve consolidating orders or sourcing from cheaper suppliers without compromising quality standards.

Investing in technology solutions such as automation tools and spend analytics software can help streamline procurement processes and identify areas for improvement.

By taking a holistic approach to managing procurement operations and focusing on strategies that improve efficiency, reduce costs, and optimize working capital, organizations can achieve healthier financial ratios over time.

## Conclusion

It is essential for procurement professionals to understand the importance of both current and quick ratios in measuring a company’s liquidity and ability to meet short-term obligations. While a good current ratio indicates that the company can pay off its debts within a year, a good quick ratio assures creditors that the company can meet its immediate obligations.

Procurement professionals need to focus on reducing inventory levels and increasing their accounts receivables turnover rate to improve their current ratio. Additionally, they should evaluate their cash management practices to ensure timely payments of bills.

To improve their quick ratio, procurement teams must reduce the amount of inventory or convert some of it into cash quickly. They should also strive to collect outstanding account receivables promptly while delaying payment as much as possible without damaging supplier relationships.

By understanding these ratios’ significance in procurement operations, businesses can make informed decisions about managing working capital effectively. Ultimately this leads them towards success by maintaining adequate liquidity levels while meeting financial obligations on time.