Artificial Intelligence (AI)
AI is a process of programming computers to make decisions for themselves. This can be done through a number of methods, including but not limited to: rule-based systems, decision trees, artificial neural networks, and fuzzy logic systems. AI has been around for centuries in one form or another. Early examples include the chess-playing Turk of the 18th century and Charles Babbage’s Analytical Engine of the 19th century. However, it was not until the mid-20th century that AI really began to take off, with the development of such seminal ideas as Alan Turing’s theory of computation and John McCarthy’s proposal for artificial intelligence as a scientific discipline. In recent years, AI has made great strides, thanks to advances in computing power and algorithms. Today, AI is being used in a variety of fields, including medicine, finance, manufacturing, and even art.