What Is A Costing Model?

A costing model is an accounting system used by businesses to analyze the cost of goods and services. It helps businesses understand how much money is necessary for a particular product or service in order to break even. This type of model provides insight into the resources necessary to produce items, as well as the overhead expenses required to maintain them. In this blog post, we will explore what a costing model is and its key components. We will also discuss why it’s important for businesses to have a good understanding of their cost structure, and some tips on how you can create your own costing model.

What is a costing model?

A costing model is a tool used by businesses to forecast the costs of their products or services. Costing models can be used to estimate the cost of a single product or service, or to compare the costs of different products or services.

There are many different types of costing models, but all share some common features. For example, most costing models will include an estimate of the materials and labor needed to produce a product or service, as well as other overhead costs such as rent, utilities, and insurance.

Costing models can be complex, but they are an essential tool for businesses of all sizes. By understanding the costs associated with their products or services, businesses can make more informed pricing decisions and ensure that they are profitable.

The different types of costing models

There are several different types of costing models that can be used to estimate the costs of a project or product. The most common type of costing model is the traditional cost estimation model, which uses historical data and trends to predict future costs. Other types of costing models include parametric costing, activity-based costing, and bottom-up costing. Each type of costing model has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it is important to choose the right type of model for your particular project or product.

Why use a costing model?

There are many reasons to use a costing model. Perhaps the most obvious reason is to generate an accurate estimate of the costs associated with a proposed project. A well-built costing model can provide insights into where the bulk of the costs will be incurred, and what cost-saving measures can be put in place.

In addition to providing an accurate cost estimate, a costing model can also help assess the financial viability of a project. By understanding the expected costs and revenue streams, decision-makers can determine whether a project is likely to be profitable. If not, they may adjust their plans accordingly.

Finally, a costing model can help identify potential risks associated with a project. By understanding where the bulk of the costs will be incurred, decision-makers can put in place measures to mitigate these risks.

How to choose the right costing model for your business

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the right costing model for your business will depend on a number of factors. However, there are a few key considerations that you should keep in mind when choosing a costing model.

First, you need to consider what type of business you are operating. Are you a manufacturing business? A service business? A retail business? The type of business you are running will have a big impact on which costing model is right for you.

Second, you need to think about your product or service offering. What are you selling, and how complex is it? If you sell a simple product or service, then a simpler costing model may be appropriate. However, if your product or service is more complex, then a more detailed and sophisticated costing model may be necessary.

Third, you need to consider your pricing strategy. How do you want to price your products or services? Are you looking to compete on price? Or are you looking to premium price your offering? Your pricing strategy will also impact the costing model you choose.

Finally, you need to think about your goals for using a costing model. What do you hope to achieve by implementing a costing model? Are you looking to improve profitability? To better understand your costs? To make better pricing decisions? Once again, your goals will dictate which costing model is right for your business.


In conclusion, cost models can be a useful tool for businesses to use in order to make the most of their resources and budgeting. Cost models provide insight into the different variables that contribute to costs, making it easier for companies to identify areas where they can reduce or optimize expenses. If you are interested in incorporating a costing model into your business operations, there are many types of software available that offer comprehensive solutions for this purpose.

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