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What is Enterprise Resource Planning (Erp)? Definition

What is Enterprise Resource Planning (Erp)? Definition

Enterprise resource planning (ERP) is defined as a process by which a company (often a manufacturer or distributor) manages and integrates the important parts of its business. This includes everything from product planning and development to manufacturing, marketing, and sales. An ERP system is usually composed of multiple software modules that are each designed to manage a specific area of business. When these modules are combined, they provide a complete picture of the company’s current state and can be used to make better decisions about the future. ERP systems are used by companies of all sizes, but they are especially beneficial for larger organizations that have complex business operations. In fact, many companies implement ERP systems in order to improve communication and collaboration between departments that would otherwise be siloed. If you’re considering implementing an ERP system in your business, or if you’re just curious about what they are and how they work, read on for a complete guide to enterprise resource planning.

What is Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)?

Enterprise resource planning (ERP) is a software solution that integrates all of the key internal processes of a company into one complete system. By consolidating all of these disparate processes into a single system, ERP provides businesses with a real-time view of their operations. This holistic view allows companies to make better decisions, improve efficiencies, and increase profits.

ERP systems are typically composed of modules that each address a specific business need. The most common modules include those for accounting, human resources, customer relationship management (CRM), and supply chain management (SCM). Some ERP vendors also offer industry-specific solutions that come pre-configured with modules tailored to the unique needs of that sector.

While an ERP system can be implemented on its own, it is often part of a larger business transformation initiative that includes changes to business processes, organizational structure, and people’s roles and responsibilities. When implemented successfully, an ERP system can provide considerable benefits to a company, including improved profitability, increased efficiencies, and better decision making.

The History of ERP

Enterprise resource planning (ERP) is a business process management software that integrates various processes and functions of an organization into a single system. ERP software is used to manage and automate the core business processes of an organization, including finance, accounting, human resources, customer relationship management (CRM), supply chain management (SCM), manufacturing, and project management.

ERP systems are designed to provide real-time visibility into all aspects of an organization’s operations, providing a centralized view of information that can be accessed by authorized users from anywhere in the world. ERP systems are typically deployed on-premise (on an organization’s own servers) or in the cloud (on a remote server hosted by a third-party provider).

The history of ERP can be traced back to the early days of mainframe computing, when large organizations began deploying enterprise-wide computer systems to manage their businesses. Early ERP systems were typically custom-built for each individual organization, using proprietary software code that could not be easily modified or upgraded.

As the cost of computing hardware and software declined in the 1980s and 1990s, commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) ERP systems began to enter the market. These COTS products were much easier to implement and maintain than custom-built solutions, and they quickly became popular with small and medium-sized businesses that did not have the internal resources to develop and support their own ERP systems.


How does ERP Work?

An ERP system is made up of various modules that each address a specific business area or process. The most common modules include:

– Financials
– Human Resources
– Manufacturing
– Customer Relationship Management (CRM)
Supply Chain Management (SCM)
-Warehouse Management (WMS)
-Project Management (PM)
Each module contains information and tools specific to its function. For example, the financials module includes information on accounting, invoicing, and budgeting; the HR module includes employee records, payroll, and benefits; and the manufacturing module includes product data, inventory levels, and production schedules.

The various modules are integrated so that information can be shared between them. This allows for a more streamlined and efficient operation as businesses can avoid duplicate data entry and having to switch between multiple systems.

The Benefits of ERP

Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems are popular because they provide many benefits for businesses. Perhaps the most important benefit of ERP is that it can help a business to become more efficient and to save money. Other benefits of ERP systems include:

1. Improved decision-making: With an ERP system in place, businesses have access to real-time data which can be used to make better informed decisions.

2. Increased agility: ERP systems can help businesses to respond quickly to changes in the market or in customer demand.

3. Improved visibility: An ERP system can provide managers with better visibility into all aspects of the business, including inventory levels, sales figures, and financial data.

4. Reduced costs: An ERP system can help businesses to streamline their processes and eliminate waste, resulting in cost savings.

5. Improved customer service: With an ERP system in place, businesses can provide their customers with better service thanks to increased visibility into customer orders and improved order tracking capabilities.

The Different Types of ERP Systems

There are three main types of ERP systems:

1. On-premise ERP: An on-premise ERP system is installed and operated from a company’s own premises. This option gives companies more control over their data and customizations, but it also requires a larger upfront investment and more in-house IT resources.

2. Cloud-based ERP: A cloud-based ERP system is hosted by the software vendor and accessed by users via the internet. This option is less expensive to set up and maintain, but it can be less flexible than an on-premise system and may pose security risks if not properly managed.

3. Hybrid ERP: A hybrid ERP system combines elements of both on-premise and cloud-based systems. This option gives companies the best of both worlds, but can be more complex to implement and manage than a single-type system.

Implementing an ERP System

An Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system is a software solution that integrates all the core business processes of an organization into a single system. ERP systems are usually implemented in large organizations that have complex business processes and operate in multiple locations.

The main benefits of implementing an ERP system are:

1. Increased efficiency and productivity: An ERP system enables all the departments of an organization to share information and work together more efficiently. This leads to increased productivity and reduced costs.

2. Improved decision making: With all the information available in one place, decision makers can easily access the data they need to make informed decisions.

3. Enhanced customer service: Customers can be served better when all the departments have access to customer information and can work together to solve problems quickly.

4. Reduced risks: By integrating all the core business processes, an ERP system reduces the risk of errors and duplication of effort.


ERP systems are complex, but the reward for implementing one can be great. By integrating all of the data and processes from different departments within a company into one system, ERP provides a more efficient way to manage resources and information. In addition, ERP can give companies a competitive edge by providing real-time data that can be used to make informed decisions.

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