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What is Supplier Performance Measurement? – Definition

What is Supplier Performance Measurement? – Definition

With the growing complexity of global supply chains and the need for greater efficiency and accuracy, supplier performance measurement is becoming increasingly important. But what exactly is it? Supplier performance measurement is a process that helps organizations to review and evaluate their suppliers’ capabilities and reliability in delivering products or services to their customers. It also provides data to help businesses better understand their suppliers’ strengths and weaknesses so they can improve their own processes and make better decisions when selecting and managing suppliers. In this article, we will discuss what supplier performance measurement is, why it’s important, how it works, and the different methods for measuring supplier performance.

What is supplier performance measurement?

Supplier performance measurement is the process of assessing how well a supplier is meeting their contractual obligations. It can be used to identify areas where the supplier is falling short, as well as areas where they are excelling. By tracking supplier performance over time, it can also help to identify trends and issues that may need to be addressed.

There are a variety of different methods that can be used to measure supplier performance. Some common methods include:

-Customer satisfaction surveys
-Supplier scorecards
-On-time delivery rates
-Quality monitoring

Customer satisfaction surveys are often used to measure supplier performance. This method involves sending out surveys to customers after they have received goods or services from the supplier. The survey will ask questions about the quality of the product or service, as well as the customer’s overall satisfaction with the supplier. The results of these surveys can give valuable insights into how well the supplier is performing.

Supplier scorecards are another common method of measuring supplier performance. These scorecards typically assess a variety of different factors, such as on-time delivery rates, quality levels, and customer service. suppliers are typically given a score for each factor, which can then be used to compare them against other suppliers. This method can be helpful in identifying which suppliers are consistently meeting or exceeding expectations.

On-time delivery rates is another metric that can be used to measure supplier performance. This metric simply tracks the percentage of orders that are delivered on time by

The different types of supplier performance measurement

There are numerous ways to measure supplier performance. Some common methods include looking at quality, delivery, cost, and responsiveness metrics.

Each organization is different and will place different levels of importance on each metric depending on their specific needs. For example, a company that relies heavily on just-in-time inventory management will likely place a higher emphasis on supplier delivery times than one that doesn’t. Similarly, a company that outsources most of its manufacturing will likely care more about cost than one that produces everything in-house.

The important thing is to establish what factors are most important to your organization and then develop a supplier performance measurement system that tracks those factors. Doing so will allow you to accurately assess which suppliers are meeting your expectations and which ones need improvement.

Pros and cons of supplier performance measurement

Supplier performance measurement (SPM) is the process of assessing the quality, delivery, and cost of goods or services provided by suppliers. The goal of SPM is to improve supplier performance and identify potential areas for cost savings.

There are several methods for measuring supplier performance, including surveys, interviews, focus groups, and observation. Each method has its own advantages and disadvantages.

Surveys are a common method for measuring supplier performance. They can be used to gather data from a large number of suppliers quickly and efficiently. However, surveys can be biased if not designed properly, and they may not provide accurate information if suppliers do not respond truthfully.

Interviews are another popular method for measuring supplier performance. They allow for a more in-depth conversation with suppliers than surveys do, and they can help uncover issues that would not be apparent from looking at quantitative data alone. However, interviews can be time-consuming to conduct and analyze, and they may be biased if the interviewer does not ask neutral questions.

Focus groups are another option for measuring supplier performance. Focus groups provide an opportunity for suppliers to share their experiences and opinions in a group setting. This method can help identify trends or patterns that would not be apparent from individual interviews or surveys. However, focus groups require careful planning and moderation, and they may be biased if the participants are not representative of the broader population of suppliers.

Observation is a final method that can be used to measure supplier

How to measure supplier performance

There are a number of ways to measure supplier performance. The most important factor is to ensure that the measurement system is tailored to the specific organization and takes into account the unique needs of the business. Some common methods for measuring supplier performance include:

-Customer satisfaction surveys: This is perhaps the most direct way to gauge supplier performance. By polling customers on their satisfaction with a particular supplier, businesses can get a good sense of how that supplier is performing.

-On-time delivery: This metric measures how often a supplier delivers goods or services on time. It’s a key indicator of whether a supplier is reliable and meeting deadlines.

-Quality: This can be measured in a number of ways, but typically involves assessing the defects in products or services supplied by a particular supplier.

-Price: While not always the most important factor, price is still an important consideration when assessing supplier performance. Organizations want to make sure they’re getting good value for their money.

Alternatives to supplier performance measurement

One common alternative to supplier performance measurement is using a weighted scoring system. This type of system uses a set of predetermined criteria to assess supplier performance, and then assigns a numerical weight to each criterion. The weights are then used to calculate an overall score for the supplier. Another alternative is to use a balanced scorecard approach, which takes into account both financial and non-financial measures of supplier performance.


In conclusion, supplier performance measurement is a vital tool for evaluating the efficiency and effectiveness of suppliers in delivering services. It helps organizations identify areas where supplier processes are not as efficient as they should be, allowing them to take corrective action before it impacts their own operations. A comprehensive monitoring system can provide valuable insights into both current and future supplier performance, resulting in improved cost-effectiveness and better customer service levels.

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