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What is Conciliation? Definition

What is Conciliation? Definition

When two parties are in conflict, they may seek conciliation in order to resolve the issue. Conciliation is a process whereby the parties attempt to reach an agreement with the help of a third party. The third party, called a conciliator, does not have any decision-making power and instead facilitates discussion between the parties in order to help them reach a resolution. The conciliation process can be used for conflicts of all types, from interpersonal disputes to international disputes. It is often used as an alternative to litigation, as it is typically less expensive and time-consuming. In addition, conciliation often results in a more amicable outcome than litigation, as the parties are able to come to an agreement that they are both happy with. If you are involved in a conflict and are interested in exploring conciliation as an option, there are a few things you should know about the process. Keep reading to learn more about what conciliation is and how it works.

Conciliation: the definition

Conciliation is the art of bringing people or groups together in order to create harmony. It is often used in the context of mediation, arbitration, and negotiation. The process of conciliation typically involves facilitation by an objective third party, who helps the parties to communicate more effectively and to find common ground.

Conciliation can be an effective way to resolve conflict without resorting to litigation. It is often faster and less expensive than going to court, and it can help preserve relationships that might be damaged by a long legal battle.

How conciliation works

Conciliation is a process where the parties to a dispute meet with a neutral third party, who helps them to try to resolve their differences. The conciliator does not make decisions or impose solutions, but rather facilitates communication and negotiation between the parties. The aim is to help the parties reach an agreement that is acceptable to both of them.

The conciliation process usually begins with an informal discussion between the parties, in which the conciliator tries to identify the issues in dispute and the interests of each party. The conciliator will then usually meet with each party separately to explore possible solutions. Once the conciliator has ascertained the positions of each party, he or she will bring them together in a joint meeting to see if they can reach an agreement. If an agreement is reached, it will be recorded in writing and signed by both parties.

The benefits of conciliation

When two parties are in conflict, conciliation can be a helpful way to resolve the issue. By bringing the parties together to discuss their differences, conciliation allows for a open dialogue which can help to identify the root of the problem. Additionally, it can help to build trust and understanding between the parties, which can prevent future conflict. Finally, conciliation is often faster and less costly than going to court, making it a more attractive option for many people.

The challenges of conciliation

Conciliation is not always easy. The process can be challenging, and there are a few key challenges that can arise.

The first challenge is simply getting the two parties to agree to meet. This can be difficult if they are unwilling to communicate or if they are not on good terms. Once they do agree to meet, the next challenge is ensuring that both parties are open to compromise and willing to work together. This can be difficult if there is a lot of bad blood between the two sides.

Another challenge is keeping the communication lines open during the process. This can be difficult if emotions are running high or if one party or the other feels like they are not being heard. Finally, it can be tricky to find the right balance between pushing too hard and giving too much ground. If either side feels like they are being pushed too far, it can derail the whole process.

When to use conciliation

Conciliation is a dispute resolution process in which a neutral third party facilitates communication and negotiation between the parties to help them reach an agreement. It is often used as an alternative to litigation, particularly in commercial disputes.

The conciliator does not have the authority to make decisions or impose solutions on the parties; rather, their role is to facilitate discussion and help the parties find common ground. The process is confidential and informal, and parties are free to walk away at any time.

Conciliation can be an effective way to resolve disagreements, save time and money, and preserve relationships. It may be appropriate in cases where the parties have a ongoing relationship (such as in business disputes), when the issues at stake are complex, or when emotions are running high and there is a need for impartiality.

If you are considering conciliation, it is important to seek out a qualified professional who has experience mediating similar disputes. Once you have selected a conciliator, they will work with you and the other party to develop a process that meets your needs and objectives.


From the definition above, it is clear that conciliation is a process of mediation whereby parties in conflict attempt to reach an agreement. This process can be beneficial as it allows both parties to have a voice and be heard, hopefully leading to a resolution that is agreeable to both. If you find yourself in a situation where conflict has arisen, it may be worth considering conciliation as a way to reach a resolution.