# What Is Purchase Price Variance?

When it comes to managing finances, it’s important to understand the various terms and concepts that are used to describe different financial situations. One term you may have heard is “purchase price variance.” But what is purchase price variance? In this blog post, we’ll explore what purchase price variance is, why it’s important, and how you can use purchase price variance analysis to make better financial decisions in your business. We’ll also examine some common questions related to purchase price variances so that you can have a better understanding of the concept.

## What is purchase price variance?

Purchase price variance (PPV) is the difference between the actual cost of goods sold (COGS) and the budgeted cost of goods sold. PPV can be either favorable or unfavorable. A favorable PPV means that the company’s products are selling for less than the budgeted amount, while an unfavorable PPV means that the company’s products are selling for more than the budgeted amount.

Companies use purchase price variance to monitor and control costs. By analyzing PPV, companies can identify trends in supplier prices and negotiate better prices with suppliers. Additionally, companies can use PPV to assess whether their pricing strategies are effective and whether they are achieving their desired margins.

## How is purchase price variance calculated?

Purchase price variance is the difference between the actual cost of goods purchased and the standard cost of those goods. The actual cost is the total amount paid to the supplier, including any discounts or rebates. Standard cost is the predetermined cost that was established when the budget was created.

To calculate purchase price variance, take the actual quantity of goods purchased and multiply it by the difference between the actual and standard unit prices. This will give you the total variance for all units purchased. To get the per unit variance, divide this number by the number of units purchased.

## What factors can affect purchase price variance?

There are a number of factors that can affect purchase price variance. The most obvious is the cost of the goods or services being purchased. If the cost of the goods or services goes up, then the purchase price variance will also go up. Other factors that can affect purchase price variance include changes in exchange rates, changes in supplier prices, and changes in demand.

## How can purchase price variance be used to improve purchasing decisions?

Purchase price variance (PPV) is the difference between the actual cost of a purchase and the expected cost of that purchase. PPV can be used to improve purchasing decisions by helping buyers understand the true cost of a purchase, identify potential savings opportunities, and negotiate better prices with suppliers.

When evaluating PPV, it is important to consider both the total cost of the purchase and the unit cost. The total cost includes all costs associated with the purchase, such as shipping and handling, while the unit cost is the price per unit of product. To calculate PPV, simply subtract the expected cost from the actual cost. For example, if you expect to pay \$100 for a product but you actually pay \$105, your PPV would be \$5.

A high PPV can indicate that a buyer has paid too much for a product or that there may be room for negotiation with the supplier. A low PPV, on the other hand, can suggest that a buyer has found a good deal or that prices have increased since the last time they were purchased. Either way, understanding PPV can help buyers make more informed purchasing decisions.

## Conclusion

Purchase price variance is a simple accounting concept used to analyze the difference between expected purchase prices and actual costs for goods or services. PPV enables businesses to make well-informed decisions about potential purchases and helps them better control their spending. It is an important part of keeping accurate financial records, as it can help identify issues with suppliers, provide insight into which vendors are offering the best deals, and ensure that your business remains profitable in the long term.