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What Was The Percentages Agreement?

What Was The Percentages Agreement?

The Percentages Agreement of 1944 is one of the most important and defining treaties of the 20th century. It was an agreement between the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union to divide up control of post-war Europe. This treaty shaped the face of Europe for decades after it was signed and its consequences are still being felt today. In this blog post, we’ll take a look at what exactly the Percentages Agreement was, what caused its signing, and how it helped shape Europe in the aftermath of World War II. We’ll also examine some of its long-term effects and why it remains so important today.

What was the Percentages Agreement?

In August of 1944, the Allies were meeting in Switzerland to discuss how to divide the territories of the defeated Axis powers. At the same time, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin was meeting with his top military commanders in Moscow. At these meetings, Stalin and his generals devised a plan to make sure that the Soviet Union would receive the largest share of territory in Eastern Europe.

To achieve this goal, they came up with the Percentages Agreement. Under this agreement, each country would receive a certain percentage of the territory in Eastern Europe based on its population size. The Soviet Union would receive the largest share (60%), followed by Poland (20%), Czechoslovakia (10%), and Yugoslavia (5%). This agreement was not made public at the time, but it was later leaked to the Western media.

The Percentages Agreement had a major impact on the post-war division of Europe. It ensured that the Soviet Union would have a strong influence over Eastern Europe, which helped to fuel the Cold War.

What were its terms?

The agreement was that Hitler would take three-fourths of Czechoslovakia and the Allies would take one-fourth.

Why did Churchill and Roosevelt sign it?

In August 1941, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Percentages Agreement, which stated that the two countries would divide the world into spheres of influence after the defeat of Nazi Germany. The agreement was seen as a way to prevent the Soviet Union from taking over all of Eastern Europe after the war.

The agreement was reached during a meeting between Churchill and Roosevelt in Placentia Bay, Newfoundland. During the meeting, they also discussed military strategy and coordination against the Axis powers. The agreement was never made public, and it was not ratified by either country’s parliament.

Critics have argued that the agreement led to the division of Europe into East and West, which contributed to the Cold War.

What were the consequences of the agreement?

The agreement had far-reaching consequences. It led to the end of the First World War and the collapse of the German, Austro-Hungarian, and Ottoman empires. It also resulted in the redrawing of the map of Europe and the creation of new nations. The agreement also paved the way for future peace treaties, such as the Treaty of Versailles.

How did it affect the outcome of World War II?

The agreement was made between the United Kingdom and the United States in September 1940. It stated that the two nations would not actively seek to influence each other’s domestic policies. The main goal of the agreement was to keep the United States out of World War II.

The agreement did not have a major effect on the outcome of World War II. The United States entered the war after the attacks on Pearl Harbor in 1941. The agreement did help to keep the United Kingdom out of the war for several years, however. The United Kingdom finally entered the war in 1942 after Germany began attacking British shipping vessels.


The Percentages Agreement was a groundbreaking agreement that enabled the Allied Powers to share the spoils of victory in World War II. It allowed them to divide up Europe, as well as receive reparations from Germany and other Axis countries. While it may not have been popular with all sides at the time, it ultimately ended up paving the way for European prosperity following the war. The agreement’s main impact was that it provided a framework for future negotiations on how Europe and its nations would be divided into smaller states. Its legacy is still being felt today in many parts of post-war Europe, where nation states are still largely defined by their boundaries during this period of history.