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What Is Contract Management Lifecycle

What Is Contract Management Lifecycle

Contract management is the process of developing, managing, and fulfilling contracts. This involves everything from creating and negotiating contracts to monitoring performance and ensuring that all parties involved are compliant with contractual obligations. A contract management lifecycle (CML) is a collection of steps that companies go through in order to manage their daily operations and manage their contracts with suppliers, partners, and customers. In this article, we will look at what a CML looks like and how it can benefit businesses of any size.

What is Contract Management?

Contract management is the process of creating, executing, and monitoring agreements between two or more parties. The goal of contract management is to ensure that all parties uphold their end of the bargain and that the agreement is executed as smoothly as possible.

The contract management lifecycle typically consists of four main phases: negotiation, execution, performance, and termination.

During the negotiation phase, both parties involved in the agreement come to a mutual understanding of the terms and conditions of the contract. This usually takes place with the help of lawyers or other legal professionals. Once both parties are satisfied with the terms of the contract, it can be signed and executed.

The execution phase is when both parties carry out their obligations under the contract. This is typically where any payments or deliveries specified in the contract are made.

The performance phase is when both parties are actively working under the terms of the contract. This is when regular check-ins or progress reports may take place to ensure that both sides are adhering to their contractual obligations.

The termination phase occurs when one or both parties decide to end the agreement early. There are many reasons why this may happen, such as if one party breaches the contract or if the objectives of the agreement have been met. If either party wants to terminate the contract, they must follow any stipulations laid out in the original agreement.

The Different Types of Contract Management

There are different types of contract management, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. The most common type is the waterfall approach, which is a linear process that starts with the negotiation phase and moves on to the execution phase. This approach is simple and easy to follow, but it can be inflexible and may not allow for much creativity or innovation.

The agile approach is more flexible and allows for more collaboration between the parties involved. This approach can be helpful when trying to negotiate complex contracts. However, it can also be more chaotic and may require more time to come to an agreement.

The third type of contract management is the hybrid approach, which combines elements of both the waterfall and agile approaches. This approach can give you the best of both worlds, but it can also be more difficult to manage.

Pros and Cons of Contract Management

Contract management is the process of creating, tracking, and storing contracts and associated documents. It includes negotiation, performance measurement, risk management, and compliance. The goal of contract management is to optimize contract value and protect the organization from financial and legal risks.

There are several pros and cons to consider when implementing a contract management system:

– Reduced cycle time for contracting processes
– Greater control over the contracting process
Improved compliance with organizational policies and procedures
– Increased visibility into the status of contracts
– Reduced risk of human error in contract administration
– Increased efficiency in managing large numbers of contracts

– Upfront investment in time and resources to set up the system
– Requires ongoing maintenance and updates
– Potential for increased conflict if not managed properly

What Is the Contract Management Lifecycle?

The contract management lifecycle is the process of creating, negotiating, and executing contracts. It begins with the identification of a need for a contract and ends with the termination or expiration of the contract. In between, there are four main phases of the contract management lifecycle:

1) Pre-award phase: This is the phase where you identify the need for a contract, develop specifications, issue a request for proposal (RFP), and select a vendor.

2) Award phase: This is the phase where you negotiate terms and conditions with the selected vendor, and execute the contract.

3) Performance phase: This is the phase where you manage contractor performance and ensure that they are meeting their obligations under the contract.

4) Close-out phase: This is the phase where you close out the contract, which may include conducting a final review, collecting any remaining payments, and terminating the relationship with the contractor.

The Different Stages of the Contract Management Lifecycle

The contract management lifecycle is the process of creating, executing, and managing contracts. It includes the following stages:

1. Contract creation: This stage involves developing the contract terms and conditions, and getting approvals from all parties involved.

2. Contract execution: This stage involves signing the contract and ensuring that all parties comply with its terms and conditions.

3. Contract monitoring: This stage involves tracking the performance of the contract, and making sure that it is meeting the expectations of all parties involved.

4. Contract closeout: This stage involves closing the contract, and ensuring that all contractual obligations have been met by both parties.

How to Implement a Contract Management Lifecycle

There are a few key steps to implementing a contract management lifecycle in your organization. Here is an overview of what you need to do:

1. Define the scope of your contract management system. What contracts will be included? What processes will be covered?

2. Put together a team of stakeholders to help design and implement the system. This team should include representatives from all departments that will be affected by the system.

3. Develop policies and procedures for each stage of the contract management lifecycle. These should be clear and concise so that everyone understands their roles and responsibilities.

4. Create templates and forms for commonly used contracts. This will save time and ensure that all essential information is captured.

5. Train all employees on the new system. Make sure they understand how it works and why it’s important to follow the process correctly.

6. Launch the system and start managing contracts! Regularly review performance and make adjustments as needed to ensure continued success.


The Contract Management Lifecycle is an important process that helps organizations manage their contracts and track their performance. It enables companies to stay organized, efficient, and compliant while ensuring they get the best value from their contractual relationships. With a systematic approach to contract management, businesses can better control costs, reduce risk, and improve profitability. Understanding the Contract Management Lifecycle gives you the necessary tools for success in today’s competitive marketplace.